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[The terminal demand of the che]
Release date:[2020/7/13] Is reading[49]次

The terminal demand of the chemical fiber industry resumed lower than expected, the decline in output continued to narrow, and the situation remained

Since the beginning of this year, the operation of the chemical fiber industry has been severely affected by the epidemic of new coronary pneumonia. The industry has been steadily advancing the resumption of production since February. In early April, the coordination of the operation of the textile industry chain has basically returned to normal, but the recovery of market consumer demand has lagged significantly. In May, crude oil bottomed out, the cost end of chemical fiber was obviously supported, and there were some bottom-cutting actions in the downstream. The decline in some indicators of the operation of the chemical fiber industry was narrower than in January-April, but the terminal demand recovery was lower than expected, and the global epidemic has not yet appeared. Signs of improvement, the situation facing the chemical fiber industry is still grim.

Weak domestic demand in textile and apparel is blocked, but the decline has narrowed. In terms of domestic demand, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, the retail sales of apparel, shoes, hats and needle textiles in units above designated size in the country from January to May fell by 23.5% year-on-year, a decrease of 26.1 percentage points from the same period last year, and the decline was narrowed by 5.5 from January to April. Percentage point; retail sales of online wearables decreased by 6.8% year-on-year, a decrease of 28.0 percentage points from the same period last year, a decrease of 5.2 percentage points from January to April. In the textile and apparel industry's demand for chemical fiber products, unless the output of woven fabrics increased by 2.46% year-on-year, the output of cotton blended yarn, chemical fiber yarn, cotton blended fabric, chemical fiber staple fiber, and cord fabric all decreased year-on-year. 29.96%, 11.84%, 43.34%, 12.05%, 10.44%, the decline of most products narrowed slightly from January to April. In terms of external demand, according to Chinese customs data, my country's textile and apparel exports amounted to US$100.62 billion from January to May, a year-on-year decrease of 2.3%, and the decline continued to narrow by 8.2 percentage points from January to April, and 0.4 percentage points from the same period last year.

The decline in chemical fiber output continued to narrow. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, my country's chemical fiber output was 22.94 million tons from January to May, a year-on-year decrease of 3.16%, a decrease of 1.81 percentage points from January to April, and the performance of each segment of products varied. Among them, the output of viscose staple fiber was 1.148 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 34.34%, a decrease of 4.84 percentage points from January to April; polyester production was 18.1452 million tons, a decrease of 2.30% year-on-year; spandex production was 316,900 tons, a decrease of 0.49 year-on-year %, did not continue the growth trend from January to April; nylon output was 1.6361 million tons, an increase of 1.30% year-on-year, reversing the decline from January to April.

The international trade situation is grim, and the decline in chemical fiber imports and exports continues to deepen. According to Chinese customs data, my country imported 313,700 tons of chemical fiber from January to May, a year-on-year decrease of 17.19%, a decrease of 2.32 percentage points deeper than that from January to April, and the imports of major products all showed varying degrees of reduction. In terms of exports, due to the overseas epidemic situation, the export volume of chemical fiber fell. From January to May, the export volume was 1.6661 million tons, a decrease of 16.90% year-on-year, and the decline rate was 9.2 percentage points deeper than that from January to April. The decline in the export of major products was all higher than that from January to April. deepen. Among them, polyester staple fiber exports fell by more than 30%, polyester filament exports decreased by 13.31%, nylon filament exports decreased by 16.42%, viscose filament exports decreased by 24.37%, viscose staple exports decreased by 17.07%; spandex masks The popularity of earbands has declined, and the export volume has shifted from the growth momentum from January to April to a decrease of 6.17% from January to May.

The economic efficiency of the industry has dropped significantly, and the rate of decrease has been narrowed month-on-month. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, from January to May, the operating income of chemical fiber companies in the chemical industry was 286.292 billion yuan, a decrease of 17.97% year-on-year, and the decrease rate was 1.99 percentage points narrower than that from January to April; the total profit was 4.097 billion yuan, a significant decrease of 59.13% year-on-year. The decline rate was narrowed by 1.31 percentage points from January to April, in which the polyester and nylon industries decreased by 90.40% and 7.72% year-on-year respectively. The operating income margin was only 1.43%, a decrease of 1.63 percentage points from the same period last year. The industry's loss was 42.25%, an increase of 16.2 percentage points from the same period last year, and the loss of loss-making enterprises increased by 100.15% year-on-year.

Investment confidence is insufficient, and fixed asset investment has shrunk substantially year-on-year. From January to May, the fixed-asset investment in the chemical fiber industry decreased by 23.2% year-on-year, a decrease of 9.6 percentage points from the same period last year and 7.0 percentage points from January to April, reflecting the lack of investment confidence of enterprises, but some key enterprises in the industry are still steadily Promote the construction of new projects.

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